Ключові слова:

Reconstruction;, industrial buildings;, restoration;, metal-timber structures;, composite structures.


The use of modern renovation and reconstruction methods to transform industrial buildings into residential ones, especially in the context of post-war reconstruction efforts in Ukraine, is
becoming particularly relevant. To reduce the financial burden of new construction and facilitate the resettlement of refugees from Russian aggression, it is expedient to reconstruct existing decommissioned industrial buildings in ruined cities and migration zones into residential premises. Considering the specific volumetric and spatial solutions of industrial buildings, a significant amount of work is required to reorganize the internal space of such premises for adaptation as residential ones. At the same
time, the frames of production premises, due to significant distances between load-bearing structures, allow for more open and spacious premises with modern loft-style interiors. One of the ways to effectively achieve this goal is to install additional floors using metal-timber beams in industrial buildings. The low weight and high load-bearing capacity of such structures make it possible to create additional premises within the existing building volume, with minimal additional loads on the loadbearing frame and building foundations. This approach is not only econo-mically efficient but also offers a unique modern way of organizing the interior for comfortable living.
The aim of the research is to determine the efficiency and feasibility of using metal-timber I-beam profiles in the process of transforming indu-strial buildings into residential spaces. The study analyzes both domestic and foreign experience in the renewal and reconstruction of industrial buildings. The conclusions indicate that various functional adaptations of industrial buildings or complexes are possible depending on the project goals, as well as their further integration into the existing city infrastructure.
However, the implementation of this concept faces the challenge of the limit of the structural load that can be applied to existing load-bearing frame structures.
The reconstruction project must ensure the sustainability (or minimization) of additional loads, which allows reducing the required scope of work, and project implementation time, and minimizing investment. Taking into account the industrial nature of the original interior of production premises, the loft style is best suited to the concept of renovating industrial buildings into residential ones. The аpplication of the loft style for the reconstruction of
industrial zones is recommended as an economically advantageous option, supported by global experience. Special attention should be paid to the format of transforming production premises into residential ones using lightweight metal-timber roofs,
which can become an organic part of the interior
Scientific novelty. The reconstruction of industrial buildings for residential purposes is a complex
and multifaceted process that requires thoughtful
decisions and a competent approach. In this article,
we will explore the advantages of using structures
made of combined metal-timber systems to create
technical solutions that meet the requirements of
economic viability, environmental friendliness, and
energy efficiency in the reconstruction process.
Practical significance. The application of metaltimber constructions allows for the rapid and efficient restoration of industrial buildings, transforming them into residential housing to address the
shortage of living space due to the displacement of
refugees from Russian aggression. These constructions have significantly lower weight and cost compared to traditional materials such as concrete or
steel, while ensuring high strength and reliability.
Additionally, they are made from environmentally
friendly renewable materials and have an attractive appearance, making them an ideal choice for the reconstruction of industrial buildings into residential housing.

Біографії авторів

Ihor SKLIAROV, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Docent of department of metal and
timber structures,
Ph.D., Docent

Denis MYKHAILOVSKYI, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Professor of department of metal and timber structures,
Doctor of Sciences, Professor

Tetiana SKLIAROVA, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

Aіsistant of department of metal
and timber structures


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Як цитувати

SKLIAROV, I. ., MYKHAILOVSKYI, D. ., & SKLIAROVA, T. . (2023). A THE USE OF METAL-TIMBER STRUCTURES IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS FOR THE RENEWAL OF RESIDENTIAL REAL ESTATE. Будівельні конструкції. Теорія і практика, (13), 76–88. https://doi.org/10.32347/2522-4182.13.2023.76-88